The atomic details of the interfacial interaction between the bottom electrode of Al/AlOx/Al Josephson junctions and HF-treated Si substrates
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2015
The interface between the Al bottom contact layer and Si substrates in Al based Josephson junctions is believed to have a significant effect on the noise observed in Al based superconducting devices. We have studied the atomic structure of it by transmission electron microscopy. An
amorphous layer with a thickness of ~5 nm was found between the bottom Al electrode and HF-treated Si substrate. It results from intermixing between Al, Si, and O. We also studied the chemical bonding states among the different species using energy loss near edge structure. The
observations are of importance for the understanding of the origin of decoherence mechanisms in qubits based on these junctions.