Construction and evaluation of thoracic injury risk curves for a finite element human body model in frontal car crashes
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2015

There is a need to improve the protection to the thorax of occupants in frontal car crashes. Finite element human body models are a more detailed representation of humans than anthropomorphic test devices (ATDs). On the other hand, there is no clear consensus on the injury criteria and the thresholds to use with finite element human body models to predict rib fractures. The objective of this study was to establish a set of injury risk curves to predict rib fractures using a modified Total HUman Model for Safety (THUMS). Injury criteria at the global, structural and material levels were computed with a modified THUMS in matched Post Mortem Human Subjects (PMHSs) tests. Finally, the quality of each injury risk curve was determined. For the included PMHS tests and the modified THUMS, DcTHOR and shear stress were the criteria at the global and material levels that reached an acceptable quality. The injury risk curves at the structural level did not reach an acceptable quality.

Injury risk curves

Finite element analysis

Rib fracture

Human body model

Thoracic injury

Författare

Manuel Mendoza-Vazquez

Chalmers, Tillämpad mekanik, Fordonssäkerhet

Chalmers, SAFER - Fordons- och Trafiksäkerhetscentrum

Johan Davidsson

Chalmers, SAFER - Fordons- och Trafiksäkerhetscentrum

Chalmers, Tillämpad mekanik, Fordonssäkerhet

Karin Brolin

Chalmers, SAFER - Fordons- och Trafiksäkerhetscentrum

Chalmers, Tillämpad mekanik, Fordonssäkerhet

Accident Analysis and Prevention

0001-4575 (ISSN)

Vol. 85 73-82

Drivkrafter

Hållbar utveckling

Styrkeområden

Transport

Infrastruktur

C3SE (Chalmers Centre for Computational Science and Engineering)

Ämneskategorier

Farkostteknik

DOI

10.1016/j.aap.2015.08.003

Mer information

Skapat

2017-10-07