Cathodes enhance Corynebacterium glutamicum growth with nitrate and promote acetate and formate production
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2016

The industrially important Corynebacterium glutamicum can only incompletely reduce nitrate into nitrite which then accumulates and inhibits growth. Herein we report that cathodes can resolve this problem and enhance glucose fermentation and growth by promoting nitrite reduction. Cell growth was inhibited at relatively high potentials but was significant when potentials were more reductive (-1.20 V with anthraquinone-2-sulfonate as redox mediator or -1.25 V vs. Ag/AgCl). Under these conditions, glucose was consumed up to 6 times faster and acetate was produced at up to 11 times higher yields (up to 1.1 mol/mol-glucose). Acetate concentrations are the highest reported so far for C. glutamicum under anaerobic conditions, reaching values up to 5.3±0.3 g/L. Herein we also demonstrate for the first time formate production (up to 3.4±0.3 g/L) by C. glutamicum under strongly reducing conditions, and we attribute this to a possible mechanism of CO2 bioreduction that was electrochemically triggered.

biocathodes

formate

Corynebacterium glutamicum

nitrate reduction

acetate

Författare

Nikolaos Xafenias

Chalmers, Biologi och bioteknik, Industriell bioteknik

Cathleen Kmezik

Chalmers, Biologi och bioteknik, Industriell bioteknik

Technische Universität Braunschweig

Valeria Mapelli

Chalmers, Biologi och bioteknik, Industriell bioteknik

Bioresource Technology

0960-8524 (ISSN)

Vol. 216 105-113

Förädling av inhemska förnybara råvaror till värdefulla bulk- och finkemikalier för en biobaserad samhällsekonomi: teknikutveckling, systemintegration och miljöeffekter (BioBuF)

Formas, 2013-06-17 -- 2018-12-31.

Västra Götalandsregionen, Regionutvecklingssekretariatet, 2013-11-01 -- 2018-10-31.

Ämneskategorier

Industriell bioteknik

Biokemi och molekylärbiologi

Miljöbioteknik

Styrkeområden

Energi

DOI

10.1016/j.biortech.2016.05.051

PubMed

27235972