When they talk about motherhood: a qualitative study of three groups’ perceptions in a Swedish child health service context
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2016

Background In light of the growing emphasis on individualization in healthcare, it is vital to take the diversity of inhabitants and users into consideration. Thus, identifying shared perceptions among group members may be important in improving healthcare that is relevant to the particular group, but also perceptions of the staff with whom interactions take place. This study investigates how motherhood is perceived among three groups: Somali-born mothers; Swedish-born mothers; and nurses at Swedish child health centers. Inequities in terms of access and satisfaction have previously been identified at the health centers. Methods Participants in all three groups were asked to finalize two statements about motherhood; one statement about perfect motherhood, another about everyday motherhood. The responses were analyzed using qualitative coding and categorization to identify differences and similarities among the three groups. Results The responses to both statements by the three groups included divergences as well as convergences. Overall, biological aspects of motherhood were absent, and respondents focused almost exclusively on social matters. Working life was embedded in motherhood, but only for the Somali-born mothers. The three groups put emphasis on different aspects of motherhood: Somali-born mothers on the community; the Swedish-born mothers on the child; and the nurses on the mother herself. The nurses – and to some extent the Swedish-born mothers – expected the mother to ask for help with the children when needed. However, the Somali-born mothers responded that the mother should be independent, not asking for such help. Nurses, more than both groups of mothers, largely described everyday motherhood in positively charged words or phrases. Conclusion The findings of this paper suggest that convergences and divergences in perceptions of motherhood among three groups may be important in equitable access and utilization of healthcare. Individualized healthcare requires nuance and should avoid normative or stereotypical encounters by recognizing social context and needs that are relevant to specific groups of the population.

Child health

User perceptions

Social construction

Country of birth

Motherhood

Sweden

Författare

Erik Eriksson

Chalmers, Teknikens ekonomi och organisation, Service Management and Logistics

Kristin Eliasson

Andreas Hellström

Chalmers, Teknikens ekonomi och organisation, Service Management and Logistics

Sylvia Määttä

Lisa Vaughn

University of Cincinnati

International Journal for Equity in Health

1475-9276 (ISSN)

Vol. 15 1 Article number 99- 99

Ämneskategorier

Hälso- och sjukvårdsorganisation, hälsopolitik och hälsoekonomi

Drivkrafter

Hållbar utveckling

Innovation och entreprenörskap

Styrkeområden

Livsvetenskaper och teknik

DOI

10.1186/s12939-016-0387-8

PubMed

27342849