5G on Board: How Many Antennas Do We Need on Connected Cars?
Paper i proceeding, 2016
Mobile networks will support increasing numbers of connected vehicles. Successive generations of mobile networks have reduced the cost of data rate, in terms of spectrum usage and power consumption at the base station, by increasingly exploiting the concept of channel state information at the transmitter. Unfortunately, beyond a limiting velocity (which depends on the carrier frequency), networks are no longer cost efficient, since such information is not usable. Recently, channel prediction techniques requiring several antennas on the car roof have been introduced to solve this problem. In this paper, for the first time, we determine the most cost efficient configurations, in terms of numbers of antennas on the car roof and carrier frequency, in various scenarios (highway and dense urban). Our studies show that with a simple prediction technique based on predictor antennas, the network can use twice less spectrum and around 20 dB less power, for cars with 3 antennas on their tops than for cars with the same number of antennas and not using prediction.