Automated Mode Coverage Analysis for Cyber-Physical Systems using Hybrid Automata
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2017

Testing of cyber-physical systems (CPSs) is a complex task, mainly due to the presence of continuous dynamics. In industry, CPSs are typically safety-critical and their complexity is rapidly increasing. Thus, it is important to know how well the tests perform. One common approach to ensuring test quality is to use coverage criteria, for example the well-known MC/DC. However, most of the used coverage criteria in industry depend on code structure to find errors in the system and may fail to capture the complete dynamical behaviour. Two coverage definitions are presented that can be used to ensure that all the continuous dynamics in the system have been explored. It is shown that the MC/DC criterion is not always rigorous enough to test all the system behaviour. Finally, the proposed coverage criteria are applied to automatically assess the test quality for a plant model used at Volvo Car Corporation.

Hybrid automata

Cyber-physical systems

Continuous dynamics

Plant models

Test coverage


Johan Eddeland

Signaler och system, System- och reglerteknik, Automation

Javier Gil Cepeda


Rick Fransen

Technische Universiteit Eindhoven

Sajed Miremadi


Martin Fabian

Signaler och system, System- och reglerteknik, Automation

Knut Åkesson

Signaler och system, System- och reglerteknik, Automation


2405-8963 (ISSN)

Vol. 50 9260-9265


Elektroteknik och elektronik