Rye and health - Where do we stand and where do we go?
Reviewartikel, 2018

Background: High whole grain intake has consistently been associated with lowered risk of developing a number of chronic diseases. Among cereals, rye has highest content of dietary fiber, together with a wide variety of bioactive compounds. There is accumulating evidence from intervention studies of physiological effects of rye foods with potential health benefits. Scope and approach: This review summarizes the state of the art of rye and health and identifies future directions for research and innovation, based partly on findings presented at the international conference “The Power of Rye” Åland, Finland, 7–8 June 2017. Key findings and conclusions: Rye foods have well-established beneficial effects on insulin metabolism compared with wheat bread under isocaloric conditions and at standardized amounts of available carbohydrates, which may have positive implications for diabetes prevention. Recent findings suggest that alterations in blood glucose flux partly explain these effects. Moreover, several studies have shown beneficial effects of rye-based foods on satiety, which is one plausible mechanism behind recently demonstrated beneficial effects on weight management. Emerging results indicate beneficial effects of rye intake on inflammation and blood lipids. More research is needed to uncover underlying mechanisms for other demonstrated effects and the long-term implications for health. A challenge with rye-based foods is making them palatable and widely acceptable to consumers. Development of innovative and tasty rye products and targeted communication strategies is crucial in increasing awareness and consumption of rye foods. Novel results in this regard are presented in this review.

Insulin

Inflammation

Weight management

Fiber

Blood lipid

Författare

Karin Jonsson

Roger Andersson

Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet (SLU)

Knud Erik Bach Knudsen

Aarhus Universitet

Göran Hallmans

Umeå universitet

K. Hanhineva

Itä-Suomen Yliopisto

K. Katina

Helsingin Yliopisto

Marjukka Kolehmainen

Itä-Suomen Yliopisto

C. Kyro

Danish Cancer Research Society Center

Maud Langton

Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet (SLU)

Emilia Nordlund

Teknologian Tutkimuskeskus (VTT)

Helle Nygaard Lærke

Aarhus Universitet

Anja Olsen

Danish Cancer Research Society Center

Kajsa Poutanen

Teknologian Tutkimuskeskus (VTT)

Anne Tjønneland

Danish Cancer Research Society Center

Rikard Landberg

Chalmers, Biologi och bioteknik, Livsmedelsvetenskap

Trends in Food Science and Technology

0924-2244 (ISSN)

Vol. 79 78-87

Ämneskategorier

Annan klinisk medicin

Livsmedelsvetenskap

Näringslära

DOI

10.1016/j.tifs.2018.06.018

Mer information

Senast uppdaterat

2018-08-30