ACD³ as a framework for design of ergonomic workplaces
Paper i proceeding, 2018

Contemporary work-life developments, such as shrinking and aging work populations, changes brought about by digitalized work tasks, and a continual evolution of physical and cognitive workplace conditions mean that workplace ergonomics remains as relevant and important as ever. Ergonomics and Human Factors (E/HF) has repeatedly been shown to succeed only if that expertise is involved early and consistently enough in the design of workplaces, otherwise it risks becoming a reactive, individual injury-focused concern brought in from a medical perspective. Therefore, E/HF experts must get involved in early and appropriate phases of the workplace design process. Such a process involves constraining the proposed design solution to an exact description of its structure and contents – in other words, design decisions are made.

The aim of this paper is to describe the use of a systems-theoretical framework as a guide in collaborative workplace design, with particular focus on planning and documenting which activities should involve E/HF expertise. The ACD³-Production is used to structure this process and clarify the design decisions that are pertinent to ergonomics.

The ACD³ framework is intended as an enabler of many types of design, including the design of work systems. It provides a framework s that allows all stakeholders to converge around design decisions that ensure that the work system is optimized to human characteristics and the activity to be performed. Different E/HF aspects may be in focus during different phases of designing the workplace, as the detail level over time becomes more granular.

Systems theory.

Ergonomic activities

Workplace design


Lars-Ola Bligård

Chalmers, Industri- och materialvetenskap, Design and Human Factors

Cecilia Berlin

Chalmers, Industri- och materialvetenskap, Design and Human Factors

Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018)

3319960989 (ISBN)

Congress of the International Ergonomics Association 2018
Florence, Italy,


Produktionsteknik, arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi



Människa-datorinteraktion (interaktionsdesign)



Mer information

Senast uppdaterat