Transportation Mission Based Optimization of Heavy Vehicle Fleets including Propulsion Tailoring
Licentiatavhandling, 2018

Over decades freight vehicles were produced for a wide range of operational domains so that vehicle-manufacturers were not concerned much about the actual use-cases of the vehicles. Environmental issues, costumer expectations along with growing demand on freight transport created a competitive environment in providing better transportation solutions. In this thesis, it was proposed that freight vehicles can be designed more cost- and energy-efficiently targeting rather narrow ranges of operational domains and transportation use-cases. For this purpose, optimization-based methods were applied to deliver customized vehicles with tailored propulsion components that fit best given transportation missions and operational environment. Optimization-based design of vehicle components showed to be more effective considering optimization of transportation mission infrastructure simultaneously, including charging stations, routing and fleet composition and size, especially in case of electrified propulsion. It was observed that by implementing integrated vehicle hardware-transportation optimization, total cost of ownership can be reduced up to 35\%, in case of battery electric heavy vehicles.

Furthermore, throughout thesis, the effect of propulsion system components size on optimal energy management strategy in hybrid heavy vehicles was studied; a methodology for solving fleet-size and mix-vehicle routing problem including enormous number of vehicle types were introduced; and the impact of Automated Driving Systems on electrified propulsion was presented.


heterogeneous heavy vehicle fleet

optimal energy management

propulsion system tailoring

Automated Driving Systems

electrified propulsion

total cost of ownership


transportation mission

fleet sizing

Chalmers, Johanneberg in room HA2, Hörsalsvägen 4, Gothenburg, Sweden
Opponent: Dr. Mattias Grönkvist, Jeppesen, and Tekn. Lic. Anders Eriksson, Volvo GTT Powertrain


Toheed Ghandriz

Chalmers, Mekanik och maritima vetenskaper, Fordonsteknik och autonoma system

Optimization Based Design of Heterogeneous Truck Fleet and Electric Propulsion

Proceedings, ITSC. IEEE 19th International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC), November 1-4, 2016, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil,; (2016)p. Art no 7795575, Pages 328-335

Paper i proceeding

Sensitivity Analysis of Optimal Energy Management in Plug-in Hybrid Heavy Vehicles

2017 2nd IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Engineering (ICITE),; (2017)p. 320-327

Paper i proceeding

Transportation-mission-based Optimization of Heterogeneous Heavy-vehicle Fleet Including Electrified Propulsion, Powertrain Tailoring, and Fleet Sizing

The Impact of Automated Driving Systems on Road Freight Transport and Electrified Propulsion of Heavy-vehicles

Distribuerad framdrivning mellan enheter i en lång fordonskombination

Energimyndigheten (41037-1), 2015-10-01 -- 2019-12-31.

VINNOVA, 2015-10-01 -- 2019-12-31.

Användning av i-dolly för lokal distribution av container trailers till logistikterminaler från en torr-hamn

VINNOVA (2017-03036), 2017-09-01 -- 2020-08-31.

Highly Automated Freight Transports EUTS (AutoFreight)

VINNOVA (2016-05415), 2017-04-01 -- 2020-02-29.


Hållbar utveckling

Innovation och entreprenörskap





Transportteknik och logistik




ReVeRe (Research Vehicle Resource)



Chalmers, Johanneberg in room HA2, Hörsalsvägen 4, Gothenburg, Sweden

Opponent: Dr. Mattias Grönkvist, Jeppesen, and Tekn. Lic. Anders Eriksson, Volvo GTT Powertrain

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