Barriers and opportunities in bio-based production of hydrocarbons
Reviewartikel, 2018

Global climate change caused by the accumulation of greenhouse gases (GHGs) has caused concerns regarding the continued reliance on fossil fuels as our primary energy source. Hydrocarbons produced from biomass using microbial fermentation processes can serve as high-quality liquid transportation fuels and may contribute to a reduction in GHG emissions. Here, we discuss the barriers and opportunities for bio-based production of hydrocarbons to be used as diesel and jet fuels and review recent advances in engineering microbes for production of these chemicals. There are two main challenges associated with establishing bio-based hydrocarbon production from cheap feedstocks; lowering the cost of developing efficient and robust microbial cell factories and establishing more efficient routes for biomass hydrolysis to sugars for fermentation. We discuss how to develop novel systems and synthetic biology tools that can enable faster and cheaper construction of microbial cell factories and thereby address the first challenge, as well as recent advances in biomass processing that will likely lead to overcoming the second challenge in the near future.

Författare

Yongjin Zhou

Chinese Academy of Sciences

Chalmers, Biologi och bioteknik, Systembiologi

Eduard Kerkhoven

Chalmers, Biologi och bioteknik, Systembiologi

Jens B Nielsen

Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU)

Beijing University of Chemical Technology

Chalmers, Biologi och bioteknik, Systembiologi

Nature Energy

2058-7546 (eISSN)

Vol. 3 11 925-935

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Europeiska kommissionen (Horisont 2020), 2016-12-01 -- 2020-11-30.

Ämneskategorier

Kemiska processer

Annan naturresursteknik

Energisystem

DOI

10.1038/s41560-018-0197-x

Mer information

Senast uppdaterat

2018-11-20