Indicators for national consumption-based accounting of chemicals
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2019

Increased chemical use is causing a growing number of environmental problems and chemical products

are pervasive in societies within animal and crop-based agriculture, in industrial processes and in

households. National environmental targets, as well as the global chemical-related goals in the 2030

Agenda, call for the monitoring of chemical use and emissions. The growing international trade of goods,

where use and regulation of chemical inputs vary highly between countries, complicates measurements.

This paper addresses these issues by deriving a set of indicators on chemical use and emissions and

connect the global impacts to a country's total consumption, here using the case of Sweden. The indicators

are based on a hybrid model combining the multi-regional input-output analysis database

EXIOBASE with data from the Swedish System of Economic and Environmental Accounts together with a

novel set of environmental extensions. A review of databases is conducted and discussed in relation to

the driver-pressure-state-impact-response (DPSIR) framework for indicators. Five indicators are calculated,

showing the chemical use and emissions connected to consumption, both within a country and

abroad. The indicators are: use of hazardous chemical products, use of pesticides, use of antimicrobial

veterinary medicines, emissions of hazardous substances, and of the potential toxicity of these emissions.

The results show that the impact of Swedish consumption in terms of use and emissions of hazardous

substances is largely taking place outside the Swedish borders. Only 10e24% of the pressure from

Swedish consumption is shown to occur within Sweden's borders, depending on the indicator. The use of

hazardous chemical products and veterinary medicines related to Swedish consumption primarily takes

place in other EU countries, whereas the use of pesticides as well as reported emissions of pollutants

occur mainly in countries outside the EU. The results highlight the need for improved international

accounting of chemical flows, as well as for strengthened policy frameworks to address cross-border

impacts of consumption of hazardous chemical products.


Linn Persson

Rickard Arvidsson

Chalmers, Teknikens ekonomi och organisation, Miljösystemanalys

Mårten Berglund

Statistiska centralbyrån (SCB)

Christel Cederberg

Chalmers, Rymd-, geo- och miljövetenskap, Fysisk resursteori

Göran Finnveden

Viveka Palm

Louise Sörme

Sarah Schmidt

Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet

Richard Wood

Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet

Journal of Cleaner Production

0959-6526 (ISSN)

Vol. 215 1-12

Policyrelevanta indikatorer för nationell konsumtion och miljö (PRINCE)

Naturvårdsverket, 2015-01-01 -- 2018-03-30.


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