The stochastic opportunistic replacement problem, part III: improved bounding procedures
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2019
We consider the problem to find a schedule for component replacement in a multi-component system, whose components possess stochastic lives and economic dependencies, such that the expected costs for maintenance during a pre-defined time period are minimized. The problem was considered in Patriksson et al. (Ann Oper Res 224:51–75, 2015), in which a two-stage approximation of the problem was optimized through decomposition (denoted the optimization policy). The current paper improves the effectiveness of the decomposition approach by establishing a tighter bound on the value of the recourse function (i.e., the second stage in the approximation). A general lower bound on the expected maintenance cost is also established. Numerical experiments with 100 simulation scenarios for each of four test instances show that the tighter bound yields a decomposition generating fewer optimality cuts. They also illustrate the quality of the lower bound. Contrary to results presented earlier, an age-based policy performs on par with the optimization policy, although most simple policies perform worse than the optimization policy.
stochastic opportunistic replacement problem
mixed binary linear optimization