Thoracic aortic geometry correlates with endograft bird-beaking severity
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2020

Objective: Aortic geometry has been shown to influence the development of endograft malapposition (bird-beaking) in thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR), but the extent of this relationship lacks clarity. The aim of this study was to develop a reproducible method of measuring bird-beak severity and to investigate preoperative geometry associated with bird-beaking. Methods: The study retrospectively analyzed 20 patients with thoracic aortic aneurysms or type B dissections treated with TEVAR. Computed tomography scans were used to construct three-dimensional geometric models of the preoperative and postoperative aorta and endograft. Postoperative bird-beaking was quantified with length, height, and angle; categorized into a bird-beak group (BBG; n = 10) and no bird-beak group (NBBG; n = 10) using bird-beak height ≥5 mm as a threshold; and correlated to preoperative metrics including aortic cross-sectional area, inner curvature, diameter, and inner curvature × diameter as well as graft diameter and oversizing at the proximal landing zone. Results: Aortic area (1002 ± 118 mm2 vs 834 ± 248 mm2), inner curvature (0.040 ± 0.014 mm−1 vs 0.031 ± 0.012 mm−1), and diameter (35.7 ± 2.1 mm vs 32.2 ± 4.9 mm) were not significantly different between BBG and NBBG; however, inner curvature × diameter was significantly higher in BBG (1.4 ± 0.5 vs 1.0 ± 0.3; P =.030). Inner curvature and curvature × diameter were significantly correlated with bird-beak height (R = 0.462, P =.041; R = 0.592, P =.006) and bird-beak angle (R = 0.680, P <.001; R = 0.712, P <.001). Conclusions: TEVAR bird-beak severity can be quantified and predicted with geometric modeling techniques, and the combination of high preoperative aortic inner curvature and diameter increases the risk for development of TEVAR bird-beaking.


Bird beak configuration

Thoracic endovascular aortic repair

Aortic arch



Maxfield M. Frohlich

San Jose State University

Ga Young Suh

The California State University

Johan Bondesson

Chalmers, Mekanik och maritima vetenskaper, Dynamik

Matthew Leineweber

San Jose State University

Jason T. Lee

Stanford University

Michael D. Dake

Stanford University

Christopher Cheng

Stanford University

Journal of Vascular Surgery

0741-5214 (ISSN) 1097-6809 (eISSN)

Vol. 72 4 1196-1205









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