Aquatic biodiversity in sedimentation ponds receiving road runoff – What are the key drivers?
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2018

Recently, increased attention has been paid to biodiversity conservation provided by blue-green solutions such as engineered ponds that are primarily established for water treatment and flood control. However, little research has been done to analyse the factors that affect biodiversity in such ponds. The purpose of this studywas to evaluate the influence of environmental factors on aquatic biodiversity, mainly macroinvertebrate communities, in road sedimentation ponds in order to provide a foundation for recommendations on aquatic biodiversity conservation. Multivariate statistical methods, including unconstrained and constrained analysis, were applied to examine the relationships between organisms and the water quality as well as physical factors (including plant cover). Stepwise multiple regressions indicated that the most important variables governing the variation in the biological community composition were pond size, average annual daily traffic, metals, chloride, distance to the closest pond from study pond, dissolved oxygen, hydrocarbons, and phosphorus. The presence of most taxa was positively correlated with pond size and negatively correlated with metals. Small ponds with high pollutant loadings were associated with a low diversity and dominated by a few pollution tolerant taxa such as oligochaetes. A comprehensive understanding of impacts of various environmental factors on aquatic biodiversity is important to effectively promote and conserve aquatic biodiversity in such sedimentation ponds. Our results indicate that road sedimentation ponds should be designed large enough, because large ponds are likely to provide amore heterogeneous habitat and thus contain a species rich fauna. In addition, larger ponds seemto be less contaminated due to dilution compared to smaller ponds, thereby maintaining a higher biodiversity. Finally, creating some additional ponds in the vicinity of the sedimentation ponds in areas with few water bodieswould increase the connectivity that facilitates the movement of invertebrates between ponds.

Road runoff

Pond size

Aquatic biodiversity

Water quality

Sedimentation ponds

Road salt

Författare

Zhenhua Sun

Chalmers, Arkitektur och samhällsbyggnadsteknik, Vatten Miljö Teknik

John E. Brittain

Universitetet i Oslo

Ekaterina Sokolova

Chalmers, Arkitektur och samhällsbyggnadsteknik, Vatten Miljö Teknik

Helene Thygesen

Norges miljø- og biovitenskapelige universitet

Svein Jakob Saltveit

Universitetet i Oslo

Sebastien Rauch

Chalmers, Arkitektur och samhällsbyggnadsteknik, Vatten Miljö Teknik

Sondre Meland

Norska institutet för vattenforskning

Science of the Total Environment

00489697 (ISSN) 18791026 (eISSN)

Vol. 610 1527-1535

Ämneskategorier

Ekologi

Geokemi

Miljövetenskap

DOI

10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.06.080

Mer information

Senast uppdaterat

2020-05-12