Anchorage of naturally corroded, plain reinforcement bars in flexural members
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2020

Reinforced concrete structures are often damaged by corrosion, which affects the interaction between reinforcement bars and concrete. Earlier studies mostly applied artificial corrosion to test the bond between deformed bars and concrete. However, there is a lack of knowledge on the effects of natural corrosion on plain bars. In this paper, 20 beams with naturally corroded plain bars and varying amount of damage were taken from an 80-year-old bridge and tested in three-point bending. All but three of the specimens anchored the yield force of the bars after the opening of one or two major bending cracks. At large deflections, the load-carrying mechanism changed from beam to arch action. Eventually, end-slip of the reinforcement bars was observed. The bars were extracted, cleaned, three-dimensionally scanned, and tested in tension. The average bond strength in the unyielded zone was found to be equal to 7.39 MPa, with a standard deviation of 3.33 MPa. The casting position was identified as an important factor: when uncorroded, bottom-cast bars had a higher bond strength than that of top-cast bars. However, they were more prone to splitting cracks and, consequently, loss of bond strength for small corrosion levels. Top-cast bars had increasing bond strength with increasing corrosion levels, owing to the absence of external cracks. These differences were likely related to a denser concrete surrounding the bottom-cast bars. The remaining bond capacity in the yielded zones was evaluated to be approximately 1.0 MPa.

Natural corrosion

Plain bars

Three-point bending test


Bond strength



Samanta Robuschi

Chalmers, Arkitektur och samhällsbyggnadsteknik, Konstruktionsteknik

Karin Lundgren

Chalmers, Arkitektur och samhällsbyggnadsteknik, Konstruktionsteknik

Ignasi Fernandez

Chalmers, Arkitektur och samhällsbyggnadsteknik, Konstruktionsteknik

Mathias Flansbjer

RISE Research Institutes of Sweden

Chalmers, Arkitektur och samhällsbyggnadsteknik, Konstruktionsteknik

Materials and Structures/Materiaux et Constructions

1359-5997 (ISSN)

Vol. 53 2 38

Bedömning av bärförmåga hos befintliga betongkonstruktioner med korroderade släta armeringsstänger

Trafikverket (TRV 2017/39084 6454), 2017-01-01 -- 2020-12-31.

Formas (2016-00568), 2017-01-01 -- 2020-12-31.



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