The environmental price of fast fashion
Reviewartikel, 2020

The fashion industry is facing increasing global scrutiny of its environmentally polluting supply chain operations. Despite the widely publicized environmental impacts, however, the industry continues to grow, in part due to the rise of fast fashion, which relies on cheap manufacturing, frequent consumption and short-lived garment use. In this Review, we identify the environmental impacts at critical points in the textile and fashion value chain, from production to consumption, focusing on water use, chemical pollution, CO2 emissions and textile waste. Impacts from the fashion industry include over 92 million tonnes of waste produced per year and 79 trillion litres of water consumed. On the basis of these environmental impacts, we outline the need for fundamental changes in the fashion business model, including a deceleration of manufacturing and the introduction of sustainable practices throughout the supply chain, as well a shift in consumer behaviour — namely, decreasing clothing purchases and increasing garment lifetimes. These changes stress the need for an urgent transition back to ‘slow’ fashion, minimizing and mitigating the detrimental environmental impacts, so as to improve the long-term sustainability of the fashion supply chain.

Författare

Kirsi Niinimaki

Aalto-Yliopisto

Gregory Peters

Chalmers, Teknikens ekonomi och organisation, Miljösystemanalys

Helena Dahlbo

Suomen ympäristökeskus SYKE

Patsy Perry

University of Manchester

Timo Rissanen

The New School University

A Gwilt

University of New South Wales (UNSW)

Nature Reviews Earth and Environment

2662-138X (ISSN) 2662-138X (eISSN)

Vol. 1 189-200

Energieffektivitet och kopplingen mellan textilier, energi och klimat

Chalmers, 2019-08-01 -- .

Framtidens tvättstuga

HSB Living Lab, 2017-03-02 -- 2019-02-28.

Teknik- och beteendeförändring för en mer hållbar textillivscykel

Formas, 2017-01-01 -- 2020-12-31.

Living Lab ELECTROLUX

Electrolux Professional Laundry, 2017-03-01 -- 2019-02-28.

Drivkrafter

Hållbar utveckling

Styrkeområden

Produktion

Energi

Ämneskategorier

Annan naturresursteknik

Miljöledning

Miljövetenskap

DOI

10.1038/s43017-020-0039-9

Mer information

Senast uppdaterat

2020-09-25