Optimization of manganese recovery from a solution based on lithium-ion batteries by solvent extraction with d2ehpa
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2021

Manganese is a critical metal for the steelmaking industry, and it is expected that its world demand will be increasingly affected by the growing market of lithium-ion batteries. In addition to the increasing importance of manganese, its recycling is mainly determined by trends in the recycling of iron and steel. The recovery of manganese by solvent extraction has been widely investigated; however, the interaction of different variables affecting the process is generally not assessed. In this study, the solvent extraction of manganese from a solution based on lithium-ion batteries was modeled and optimized using factorial designs of experiments and the response surface methodology. Under optimized conditions (O:A of 1.25:1, pH 3.25, and 0.5 M bis(2-ethylhexyl) phosphoric acid (D2EHPA)), extractions above 70% Mn were reached in a single extraction stage with a coextraction of less than 5% Co, which was mostly removed in two scrubbing stages. A stripping product containing around 23 g/L Mn and around 0.3 g/L Co can be obtained under optimized conditions (O:A of 8:1, 1 M H2SO4 and around 13 min of contact time) in one stripping stage.

Manganese recovery


Factorial design of experiments

Battery recycling

Lithium-ion battery

Solvent extraction


Nathalia Cristine Vieceli

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Energi och material, Kärnkemi

Niclas Reinhardt

Meab Metallextraktion

Christian Ekberg

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Energi och material

Martina Petranikova

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Energi och material, Kärnkemi


2075-4701 (eISSN)

Vol. 11 1 1-20 54


Analytisk kemi

Annan kemiteknik

Annan materialteknik



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