The protective role of intracellular glutathione in Saccharomyces cerevisiae during lignocellulosic ethanol production
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2020

To enhance the competitiveness of industrial lignocellulose ethanol production, robust enzymes and cell factories are vital. Lignocellulose derived streams contain a cocktail of inhibitors that drain the cell of its redox power and ATP, leading to a decrease in overall ethanol productivity. Many studies have attempted to address this issue, and we have shown that increasing the glutathione (GSH) content in yeasts confers tolerance towards lignocellulose inhibitors, subsequently increasing the ethanol titres. However, GSH levels in yeast are limited by feedback inhibition of GSH biosynthesis. Multidomain and dual functional enzymes exist in several bacterial genera and they catalyse the GSH biosynthesis in a single step without the feedback inhibition. To test if even higher intracellular glutathione levels could be achieved and if this might lead to increased tolerance, we overexpressed the genes from two bacterial genera and assessed the recombinants in simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) with steam pretreated spruce hydrolysate containing 10% solids. Although overexpressing the heterologous genes led to a sixfold increase in maximum glutathione content (18 µmol gdrycellmass−1) compared to the control strain, this only led to a threefold increase in final ethanol titres (8.5 g L− 1). As our work does not conclusively indicate the cause-effect of increased GSH levels towards ethanol titres, we cautiously conclude that there is a limit to cellular fitness that could be accomplished via increased levels of glutathione.

Fermentation

Lignocellulosic inhibitors

SSF

Glutathione

Bioethanol

Toxicity

Författare

Vijayendran Raghavendran

Chalmers, Biologi och bioteknik, Industriell bioteknik

Christian Marx

Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg

Chalmers, Biologi och bioteknik, Industriell bioteknik

Lisbeth Olsson

Chalmers, Biologi och bioteknik, Industriell bioteknik

Maurizio Bettiga

Chalmers, Biologi och bioteknik, Industriell bioteknik

EviKrets Biobased Processes Consultants

AMB Express

2191-0855 (ISSN)

Vol. 10 1 219

Ämneskategorier

Immunologi

Medicinsk bioteknologi (med inriktning mot cellbiologi (inklusive stamcellsbiologi), molekylärbiologi, mikrobiologi, biokemi eller biofarmaci)

Annan industriell bioteknik

DOI

10.1186/s13568-020-01148-7

PubMed

33331971

Mer information

Senast uppdaterat

2021-01-12