Pressure and Temperature Dependence of Local Structure and Dynamics in an Ionic Liquid
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2021

A detailed understanding of the local dynamics in ionic liquids remains an important aspect in the design of new ionic liquids as advanced functional fluids. Here, we use small-angle X-ray scattering and quasi-elastic neutron spectroscopy to investigate the local structure and dynamics in a model ionic liquid as a function of temperature and pressure, with a particular focus on state points (P,T) where the macroscopic dynamics, i.e., conductivity, is the same. Our results suggest that the initial step of ion transport is a confined diffusion process, on the nanosecond timescale, where the motion is restricted by a cage of nearest neighbors. This process is invariant considering timescale, geometry, and the participation ratio, at state points of constant conductivity, i.e., state points of isoconductivity. The connection to the nearest-neighbor structure is underlined by the invariance of the peak in the structure factor corresponding to nearest-neighbor correlations. At shorter timescales, picoseconds, two localized relaxation processes of the cation can be observed, which are not directly linked to ion transport. However, these processes also show invariance at isoconductivity. This points to that the overall energy landscape in ionic liquids responds in the same way to density changes and is mainly governed by the nearest-neighbor interactions.

Författare

Filippa Lundin

Chalmers, Fysik, Materialfysik

Henriette Wase Hansen

Roskilde Universitet (RUC)

Kondenserade materiens fysik

Institut Laue-Langevin

Karolina Adrjanowicz

University of Silesia in Katowice

Bernhard Frick

Institut Laue-Langevin

Daniel Rauber

Universität des Saarlandes

Rolf Hempelmann

Universität des Saarlandes

Olga Shebanova

Diamond Light Source

Kristine Niss

Roskilde Universitet (RUC)

Aleksandar Matic

Chalmers, Fysik, Materialfysik

Journal of Physical Chemistry B

1520-6106 (ISSN) 1520-5207 (eISSN)

Vol. 125 10 2719-2728

Sveriges Neutronforskarskola - SwedNESS

Stiftelsen för Strategisk forskning (SSF), 2017-01-01 -- 2020-12-31.

Stiftelsen för Strategisk forskning (SSF), 2016-07-01 -- 2021-06-30.

Ämneskategorier

Fysikalisk kemi

Annan fysik

Den kondenserade materiens fysik

DOI

10.1021/acs.jpcb.1c00147

PubMed

33656344

Mer information

Senast uppdaterat

2021-04-06