Prospective Life-Cycle Modeling of Quantum Dot Nanoparticles for Use in Photon Upconversion Devices
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2021

Quantum dot nanoparticles (NPs) can be used in several applications, for example, photon upconversion devices that increase the electricity output of solar modules. In order to facilitate life cycle assessment (LCA) studies of such applications, this study provides ready-to-use LCA unit process data for four NPs suitable for photon upconversion applications: cadmium selenide, cadmium sulfide, lead selenide, and lead sulfide. The data is provided for two prospective scenarios: one optimistic and one pessimistic. An impact assessment is conducted in order to assess the NPs’ climate change performance, where solvent-related processes such as steam production for recycling and hazardous waste treatment are shown to be hotspots. To show the applicability of the data, a prospective assessment of a solar module with an upconversion layer is conducted to investigate whether it is preferable from a climate perspective to install more solar modules or equip existing ones with upconversion devices, leading to more electricity produced in both cases. The assessment shows that solar modules need to become 0.05–2 percentage points more efficient per gram of NPs applied, depending on the scenario, in order for the upconversion layer to be preferable.

Cadmium sulfide

LCA

Cadmium selenide

Nanomaterials

Lead sulfide

Solar energy

Lead selenide

Författare

Sanna Wickerts

Chalmers, Teknikens ekonomi och organisation, Miljösystemanalys

Rickard Arvidsson

Chalmers, Teknikens ekonomi och organisation, Miljösystemanalys

Gregory Peters

Chalmers, Teknikens ekonomi och organisation, Miljösystemanalys

Björn Sandén

Chalmers, Teknikens ekonomi och organisation, Miljösystemanalys

Lili Hou

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Kemi och biokemi

Bo Albinsson

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Kemi och biokemi

ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering

2168-0485 (eISSN)

Vol. 9 14 5187-5195

Drivkrafter

Hållbar utveckling

Ämneskategorier

Naturresursteknik

Miljövetenskap

DOI

10.1021/acssuschemeng.1c00376

Mer information

Senast uppdaterat

2021-05-19