Advances in the Relationships Between Cow’s Milk Protein Allergy and Gut Microbiota in Infants
Reviewartikel, 2021

Cow’s milk protein allergy (CMPA) is an immune response to cow’s milk proteins, which is one of the most common food allergies in infants and young children. It is estimated that 2–3% of infants and young children have CMPA. The diet, gut microbiota, and their interactions are believed to be involved in the alterations of mucosal immune tolerance, which might lead to the development of CMPA and other food allergies. In this review, the potential molecular mechanisms of CMPA, including omics technologies used for analyzing microbiota, impacts of early microbial exposures on CMPA development, and microbiota–host interactions, are summarized. The probiotics, prebiotics, synbiotics, fecal microbiota transplantation, and other modulation strategies for gut microbiota and the potential application of microbiota-based design of diets for the CMPA treatment are also discussed. This review not only summarizes the current studies about the interactions of CMPA with gut microbiota but also gives insights into the possible CMPA treatment strategies by modulating gut microbiota, which might help in improving the life quality of CMPA patients in the future.

cow’s milk allergy

fecal microbiota transplantation

synthetic microbiota

prebiotics

probiotics

gut microbiota

Författare

Yudie Yang

Zhengzhou University

Xiaoqi Li

Zhengzhou University

Ying Yang

Fudan University

Saeed Shoaie

Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan (KTH)

King's College London

Cheng Zhang

Zhengzhou University

Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan (KTH)

Boyang Ji

Chalmers, Biologi och bioteknik, Systembiologi

Yongjun Wei

Zhengzhou University

Frontiers in Microbiology

1664-302X (ISSN)

Vol. 12 716667

Ämneskategorier

Övrig annan teknik

Interaktionsteknik

Biomedicinsk laboratorievetenskap/teknologi

DOI

10.3389/fmicb.2021.716667

Mer information

Senast uppdaterat

2021-09-16