Making a few talk for the many – Modeling driver behavior using synthetic populations generated from experimental data
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2021

Understanding driver behavior is the basis for the development of many advanced driver assistance systems, and experimental studies are indispensable tools for constructing appropriate driver models. However, the high cost associated with testing is a serious obstacle in collecting large amounts of experimental data. This paper presents a methodology that can improve the reliability of results from experimental studies with a limited number of participants by creating a virtual population. Specifically, a methodology based on Bayesian inference has been developed, that generates synthetic cases that adhere to various real-world constraints and represent possible variations of the observed experimental data. The application of the framework is illustrated using data collected during a test-track experiment where truck drivers performed a right turn maneuver, with and without a cyclist crossing the intersection. The results show that, based on the speed profiles of the dataset and physical constraints, the methodology can produce synthetic speed profiles during braking that mimic the original curves but extend to other realistic braking patterns that were not directly observed. The models obtained from the proposed methodology have applications for the design of active safety systems and automated driving demonstrating thereby that the developed framework has great promise for the automotive industry.

experimental data

active safety system design

vulnerable road user

synthetic populations

Bayesian Functional Data Analysis

Författare

Ron Schindler

Chalmers, Mekanik och maritima vetenskaper, Fordonssäkerhet, Olycksanalys och prevention

Carol Flannagan

University of Michigan

András Bálint

Chalmers, Mekanik och maritima vetenskaper, Fordonssäkerhet, Olycksanalys och prevention

Giulio Bianchi Piccinini

Chalmers, Mekanik och maritima vetenskaper, Fordonssäkerhet, Olycksanalys och prevention

Accident Analysis and Prevention

0001-4575 (ISSN)

Vol. 162 106331

Aerodynamic and Flexible Trucks for Next Generation of Long Distance Road Transport (AEROFLEX)

Europeiska kommissionen (EU) (769658), 2017-10-01 -- 2021-03-01.

Drivkrafter

Hållbar utveckling

Styrkeområden

Transport

Ämneskategorier

Farkostteknik

Matematisk analys

DOI

10.1016/j.aap.2021.106331

Mer information

Senast uppdaterat

2021-10-05