Experimental and computational investigation of enzyme functional annotations uncovers misannotation in the EC 1.1.3.15 enzyme class
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2021

Only a small fraction of genes deposited to databases have been experimentally characterised. The majority of proteins have their function assigned automatically, which can result in erroneous annotations. The reliability of current annotations in public databases is largely unknown; experimental attempts to validate the accuracy within individual enzyme classes are lacking. In this study we performed an overview of functional annotations to the BRENDA enzyme database. We first applied a high-throughput experimental platform to verify functional annotations to an enzyme class of S-2-hydroxyacid oxidases (EC 1.1.3.15). We chose 122 representative sequences of the class and screened them for their predicted function. Based on the experimental results, predicted domain architecture and similarity to previously characterised S-2-hydroxyacid oxidases, we inferred that at least 78% of sequences in the enzyme class are misannotated. We experimentally confirmed four alternative activities among the misannotated sequences and showed that misannotation in the enzyme class increased over time. Finally, we performed a computational analysis of annotations to all enzyme classes in the BRENDA database, and showed that nearly 18% of all sequences are annotated to an enzyme class while sharing no similarity or domain architecture to experimentally characterised representatives. We showed that even well-studied enzyme classes of industrial relevance are affected by the problem of functional misannotation. Copyright:

Författare

Elzbieta Rembeza

Chalmers, Biologi och bioteknik, Systembiologi

Martin Engqvist

Chalmers, Biologi och bioteknik, Systembiologi

PLoS Computational Biology

1553-734X (ISSN) 1553-7358 (eISSN)

Vol. 17 9 e1009446

Ämneskategorier

Biokemi och molekylärbiologi

Bioinformatik (beräkningsbiologi)

Bioinformatik och systembiologi

DOI

10.1371/journal.pcbi.1009446

PubMed

34555022

Mer information

Senast uppdaterat

2021-10-11