Comparing the Frontal Impact Responses of the VIVA+ Average Female and SAFER Average Male Human Body Models in a Generic Seat
Övrigt konferensbidrag, 2021

The VIVA+ 50F average female Human Body Model (HBM), currently in early beta status, was
compared to the SAFER average male HBM Version 9 with the aim of investigating differences
between females and males in terms of kinematics and injury assessment in frontal impacts. The

VIVA+ HBM is under development within the research project VIRTUAL and will be released as open
source during the summer 2022.
The comparison between the HBMs was carried out using LS-DYNA version R9.3.1 in a generic sled
test interior consisting of a semi-rigid seat, a footwell and a pretensioned three-point belt system with
3.5 kN load limiter. The HBMs were positioned in a pre-simulation using spring and damper elements
attached to target points estimated using an automobile driving posture prediction model from the
literature. Subsequently, the HBMs were subjected to a frontal crash corresponding to an initial

velocity of 50 km/h.
Occupant kinematics were analyzed by comparing head, chest, and pelvis kinematics between the
two models. Additionally, HIC15, rib peak strains, and upper neck, lumbar spine and pelvis anterior
superior iliac spine (ASIS) resultant forces were compared between the two models. The largest
differences between SAFER HBM and the beta version of VIVA+ were found for rib peak strains,

where VIVA+ predicts higher strain than SAFER HBM, and lumbar spine forces, where VIVA+ predicts

lower forces than SAFER HBM. Furthermore, higher neck forces and ASIS forces were predicted by
SAFER HBM compared to VIVA+.


Erik Svenning

Chalmers, Industri- och materialvetenskap, Material- och beräkningsmekanik

Krystoffer Mroz

Torbjörn Johansen

Dynamore Nordic AB

Nils Lübbe

Chalmers, Mekanik och maritima vetenskaper, Fordonssäkerhet

Johan Iraeus

Chalmers, Mekanik och maritima vetenskaper, Fordonssäkerhet

13th European LS-DYNA Conference 2021
Ulm, Germany,

Open Access Virtual Testing Protocols for Enhanced Road User Safety (VIRTUAL)

Europeiska kommissionen (EU) (EC/H2020/768960), 2018-06-01 -- 2022-05-31.




Teknisk mekanik

Annan medicinteknik


Mer information

Senast uppdaterat