Nanoscale chemistry of Zircaloy-2 exposed to three and nine annual cycles of boiling water reactor operation — an atom probe tomography study
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2022

Atom probe tomography was used in this work to study the metal close to the metal/oxide interface in the zirconium alloy Zircaloy-2 exposed to three and nine annual cycles of operation in a commercial boiling water reactor. The two exposure times correspond to before and after the onset of acceleration in corrosion, hydrogen pickup, and growth. The alloying elements Sn, Fe, Cr, and Ni were observed to be redistributed after exposure. After both three and nine cycles, clusters containing Fe and Cr and typically of a spheroidal shape with an approximate diameter of 5 nm were observed to be located in layers presumed to be layers of -loops. On average, the cluster number density was slightly higher after nine cycles, with larger and more Cr-rich clusters. However, there were large grain-to-grain variations, which were larger than the differences between the two exposure times. Ni was only occasionally observed in the clusters. Sn was observed to be slightly enriched in the Fe–Cr clusters, but the Sn concentration was higher between than inside the layers of clusters. After nine cycles, clusters of Sn were detected in regions that were depleted of Fe and Cr. Enrichment of Sn, Fe, and Ni at features that appeared to be -component loops was observed after nine cycles, whereas no such features were observed after three cycles. Enrichment of Sn and Fe, and small amounts of Cr and Ni, was observed at grain boundaries after both exposure times. After three cycles, a partially dissolved second phase particle of Zr(Fe,Cr)2 type that contained about ten times more Cr than Fe was observed.


Boiling water reactor

Zirconium alloys

Dislocation loops

Atom probe tomography



Johan Eriksson

Chalmers, Fysik, Mikrostrukturfysik

Gustav Sundell

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Tillämpad kemi

Pia Tejland


Hans-Olof Andrén

Chalmers, Fysik, Mikrostrukturfysik

Mattias Thuvander

Chalmers, Fysik, Mikrostrukturfysik

Journal of Nuclear Materials

0022-3115 (ISSN)

Vol. 561 153537







Chalmers materialanalyslaboratorium



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