Effect of antioxidants on lipid oxidation in herring (Clupea harengus) co-product silage during its production, heat-treatment and storage
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2022

Provided high product quality, ensilaging can be used to valorize fish filleting co-products into a silage suitable for food applications. However, a documented challenge for products from hemoglobin-rich fish raw materials is the high susceptibility to lipid oxidation, calling for stabilization by antioxidants. In a comparison among different rosemary-containing antioxidants and isoascorbic acid, we here found that the commercial mixture Duralox MANC-213 (MANC) provided the best protection against peroxide value and 2-thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) development during ensilaging of herring filleting co-products (0–7 days, 22 °C), and also during subsequent heat-treatment (30 min, 85 °C). Increasing MANC concentration from 0.25 and 0.75 to 1.25% lowered TBARS values from 43.53 and 25.12 to 18.04 µmole TBARS/Kg silage, respectively, after 7 days of ensilaging. During storage at 4 °C/22 °C in presence of MANC, 1.25% provided the highest protection with 87–90% and 66–73% lower TBARS, at 4 °C and 22 °C, respectively, at 6 months compared to the controls. At this time point, heat-treated silages had lower protein degree of hydrolysis and free amino acids values than the non-heat-treated one. Regardless of antioxidant addition, total volatile basic nitrogen (TVB-N) formation still increased during the storage, but, overall, TVB-N values in silages were below the acceptable limit of 30 mg TVB-N/100 g fish for human consumption. Together with lipid oxidation data, this suggests that herring silage produced in presence of antioxidants can be used both for high-quality feed and food applications.



Lipid oxidation




Herring by-products


Mursalin Sajib

Chalmers, Biologi och bioteknik, Livsmedelsvetenskap

Markus Langeland

Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet (SLU)

Ingrid Undeland

Chalmers, Biologi och bioteknik, Livsmedelsvetenskap

Scientific Reports

2045-2322 (ISSN)

Vol. 12 1 3362

Ensilering av Näringsrika Sidoströmmar från fiskberedning Innebär Lokal Akvakultur med God miljö och Ekonomi (ENSILAGE)

Formas (2016-20057), 2016-01-01 -- 2020-12-31.


Industriell bioteknik

Biokemi och molekylärbiologi


Grundläggande vetenskaper


Innovation och entreprenörskap


Livsvetenskaper och teknik (2010-2018)





Mer information

Senast uppdaterat