Incident indicators for freeway traffic flow models
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2022

Developed in this paper is a traffic flow model parametrised to describe abnormal traffic behaviour.
In large traffic networks, the immediate detection and categorisation of traffic incidents/accidents is
of capital importance to avoid breakdowns, further accidents. First, this claims for traffic flow models
capable to capture abnormal traffic condition like accidents. Second, by means of proper real-time
estimation technique, observing accident related parameters, one may even categorize the severity of
accidents. Hence, in this paper, we suggest to modify the nominal Aw-Rascle (AR) traffic model by
a proper incident related parametrisation. The proposed Incident Traffic Flow model (ITF) is defined
by introducing the incident parameters modifying the anticipation and the dynamic speed relaxation
terms in the speed equation of the AR model. These modifications is proven to have physical meaning.
Furthermore, the characteristic properties of the ITF model is discussed in the paper. A multi stage
numerical scheme is suggested to discretise in space and time the resulting non-homogeneous system
of PDEs. The resulting systems of ODE is then combined with receding horizon estimation methods
to reconstruct the incident parameters. Finally, the viability of the suggested incident parametrisation
is validated in a simulation environment.

Macroscopic traffic flow models

multi stage numerical scheme

PDE

ODE

Aw-Rascle model

moving horizon

traffic accidents

Författare

Azita Dabiri

TU Delft

Balázs Adam Kulcsár

Chalmers, Elektroteknik, System- och reglerteknik, Reglerteknik

Communications in Transportation Research

2772-4247 (ISSN)

PUCE: Protecting vulnerable road Users exposed to Contagion sprEad in public transit systems during and aftermath of a pandemic

Chalmers (PUCE), 2021-01-01 -- 2022-12-31.

AoA Transport Funds (PUCE), 2021-01-01 -- 2022-12-31.

Styrkeområden

Transport

Ämneskategorier

Transportteknik och logistik

Reglerteknik

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Skapat

2022-03-30