Detection of alkali path in a pilot-scale combustor using laser spectroscopy and surface ionization — From vapor to particles
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2023

Alkali species have been under intensive research in thermal conversion applications due to their abundance especially in biomass fuels. Alkali metals, sodium (Na) and potassium (K), are known to cause severe operational problems in combustion units, such as slagging, fouling, and corrosion. In this work, we present a monitoring method to follow alkali behavior from vapor to particles in a pilot-scale reactor. In our approach we combine Tunable Diode Laser Atomic Spectroscopy (TDLAS) for atomic potassium monitoring, Collinear Photofragmentation and Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (CPFAAS) for KCl and KOH detection, and Surface Ionization Detection (SID) for monitoring of total flue gas and aerosol alkali content. Experiments were carried out in the Chalmers 100 kW oxy-fuel combustion unit that, during these experiments, used propane as fuel. Alkali species were injected as a water solution directly to the flame. In addition, SO2 was used to alter the conditions for alkali species formation injecting it directly to the combustion feed gas. Due to the alkali monitoring system described, we were able to monitor the alkali behavior during nucleation and sulfation processes. The conditions for dimer formation and heterogeneous nucleation were observed when the temperature conditions were changed by lowering the thermal input to the unit.







Jan Viljanen

Tampereen Yliopisto

Chalmers, Rymd-, geo- och miljövetenskap, Energiteknik

Dan Gall

Chalmers, Rymd-, geo- och miljövetenskap, Energiteknik

Ivan Gogolev

Chalmers, Rymd-, geo- och miljövetenskap, Energiteknik

Thomas Allgurén

Chalmers, Rymd-, geo- och miljövetenskap, Energiteknik

Klas Andersson

Chalmers, Rymd-, geo- och miljövetenskap, Energiteknik


0016-2361 (ISSN)

Vol. 343 127900

Internationellt samarbete för utveckling av en två stegs selektiv oxidationsprocess

Energimyndigheten (44887-1), 2017-10-02 -- 2021-09-30.


Kemiska processer

Atom- och molekylfysik och optik

Annan kemiteknik



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