Analysis of a loss of feedwater case at the Ringhals-3 NPP using RELAP5/PARCS coupled codes
Paper i proceeding, 2008
This paper deals with the development and validation of a coupled RELAP5/PARCS model of the Swedish Ringhals-3 pressurized water reactor against a Loss of Feedwater transient, which occurred on August 16, 2005.
At first, the stand-alone RELAP5 and PARCS models are presented. All the 157 fuel assemblies are modeled in individually in both codes. The model is furthermore able to handle possible asymmetrical conditions of the flow velocity and temperature fields between the loops. On the neutronic side, the dependence of the material constants on history effects, burnup, and instantaneous conditions is accounted for, and the full heterogeneity of the core is thus taken into account. The reflectors are also explicitly represented. The coupling between the two codes is touched upon, with emphasis on the mapping between the hydrodynamic/heat structures and the neutronic nodes.
The transient was initiated by a malfunction of the feedwater valve at the 2nd steam generator. Consequently, the turbines were tripped and, because of the low level in the SG-2 the reactor was scrammed. Activation of the auxiliary feedwater provided proper amount of cooling from the secondary side, resulting in safe shutdown conditions.
Capabilities of the RELAP5 code were more challenged in this transient, where the influences of the feedback from the neutron kinetic side were also taken into account in the analysis. The calculated values of the parameters show good agreement with the measured data.