The use of ilmenite as an oxygen carrier in chemical-looping combustion
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2008
The feasibility of using ilmenite as oxygen carrier in chemical-looping combustion has been investigated. Itwas found that ilmenite is an attractive and inexpensive oxygen carrier for chemical-looping combustion.Alaboratory fluidizedbed reactor system, simulating chemical-looping combustion by exposing the sample to alternating reducing and oxidizing conditions,was used to investigate the reactivity. During the reducing phase, 15 g of ilmenite with a particle
size of 125–180μm was exposed to a flow of 450mLn/min of either methane or syngas (50% CO, 50% H2) and during the oxidizing phase to a flow of 1000mLn/min of 5% O2 in nitrogen. The ilmenite particles showed no decrease in reactivity in the laboratory experiments after 37 cycles of oxidation and reduction. Equilibrium calculations indicate that the reduced ilmenite is in the form FeTiO3 and the oxidized carrier is in the form Fe2TiO5 +TiO2. The theoretical oxygen transfer capacity between these oxidation states is 5%. The same oxygen transfer capacity was obtained in the laboratory experiments with syngas. Equilibrium calculations indicate that ilmenite should be able to give high conversion of the gases with the equilibrium ratios CO/(CO2 + CO) and H2/(H2O+H2) of 0.0006 and 0.0004, respectively. Laboratory experiments suggest a similar ratio for CO. The equilibrium calculations give a reaction enthalpy of the overall oxidation that is 11% higher than for the oxidation of methane per kmol of oxygen. Thus, the reduction from
Fe2TiO5 +TiO2 to FeTiO3 with methane is endothermic, but less endothermic compared to NiO/Ni and Fe2O3/Fe3O4, and almost similar to Mn3O4/MnO.
Chemical-looping combustion (CLC)