Towards an absolute scale for adhesion strength of ship hull microfouling
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2019

In-water ship hull cleaning enables significant fuel savings through removal of marine fouling from underwater surfaces. Unfortunately, cleaning may also shorten the lifetime of hull coatings, with subsequent increase in fouling growth rate. Deleterious effects of cleaning would be minimized by matching cleaning forces to the adhesion strength of early stages of fouling, or microfouling. Calibrated waterjets are routinely used for comparing different coatings in terms of adhesion strength of microfouling. However, an absolute scale is lacking for translating such results into cleaning forces, of interest for design and operation of hull cleaning devices. This paper discusses how to determine such forces, namely using Computational Fluid Dynamics. Semi-empirical formulas are derived for forces under immersed waterjets, where the normal and tangential components of wall forces are given as functions of different flow parameters. Nozzle translation speed is identified as a parameter for future research, as this may affect cleaning efficacy.

adhesion strength

ship hull fouling

marine fouling

Energy efficiency


calibrated waterjet


Dinis Oliveira

Chalmers, Mekanik och maritima vetenskaper, Maritima studier, Maritim miljövetenskap

Lars Larsson

Chalmers, Mekanik och maritima vetenskaper, Marin teknik

Lena Granhag

Chalmers, Mekanik och maritima vetenskaper, Maritima studier, Maritim miljövetenskap


0892-7014 (ISSN) 1029-2454 (eISSN)

Vol. 35 2 244-258

Completing management options in the Baltic Sea Region to reduce risk of invasive species introduction by shipping COMPLETE

Interreg-BSR, 2017-10-01 -- 2020-09-30.



Strömningsmekanik och akustik



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