Quasielastic neutron scattering of hydrated BaZr0.90A0.10O2.95 (A = Y and Sc)
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2009
Proton motions in hydrated proton conducting perovskites BaZr 0.90 A 0.10 O 2.95 (A = Y and Sc) have been investigated using quasielastic neutron scattering. The results reveal a localized motion on the ps time scale and with an activation energy of ~ 10-30 meV, in both materials. The temperature dependence of the total mean square displacement of the protons shows an onset of this motion at a temperature of about 300 K. The low activation energy, much lower than the activation energy for the macroscopic proton conductivity, suggests that this motion is not the rate-limiting process for the long-range proton diffusion, i.e. it is not linked to the two materials significantly different proton conductivities. In fact, a comparison of the QENS results with density functional theory calculations indicates that for both materials the observed motion may be ascribed to intra-octahedral proton transfers occurring close to a dopant atom. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.