Ship resistance when operating in floating ice floes: a derivation of empirical equations
Paper i proceeding, 2020

With the effects of global warming, the Arctic is presenting a new environment where numerous ice floes are floating on the open sea surface. Whilst this has unprecedentedly improved Arctic shipping navigability and brought about significant opportunities, the interaction of such floes with ships has yet to be understood, thus hindering appropriate assessment of corresponding ship performance. This paper presents work on developing empirical equations to estimate the effects of such floes on ship resistance. Based on extensive data from validated computational simulations, the ice-floe resistance has been shown to correlate with ship beam, ship speed, ice concentration, ice thickness and floe diameter, and the regression powers of each the parameter on resistance are ascertained for a container ship. This leads to an empirical equation that can immediately predict ice-floe resistance in a given condition. The proposed approach has the potential to facilitate propulsion power estimates for Arctic shipping, as well as providing valuable insights into ship design for these environmental conditions.

Ship resistance

Ice floe

Empirical equation


Luofeng Huang

University College London (UCL)

Christopher Ryan

University College London (UCL)

Bojan Igrec

University College London (UCL)

Andrea Grech La Rosa

University College London (UCL)

Dimitris Stagonas

Cranfield University

Giles Thomas

University College London (UCL)

Zhiyuan Li

Chalmers, Mekanik och maritima vetenskaper, Marin teknik

Minghao Li

FS Dynamics Sweden AB

Jonas Ringsberg

Chalmers, Mekanik och maritima vetenskaper, Marin teknik

Proceedings of The ASME 2020 39th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering (OMAE 2020)

Vol. 7 V007T07A021

The ASME 2020 39th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering (OMAE 2020)
Fort Lauderdale, Florida Online, USA,

SEDNA - Safe maritime operations under extreme conditions: the Arctic case

Europeiska kommissionen (EU), 2017-06-01 -- 2020-04-30.


Hållbar utveckling

Innovation och entreprenörskap





Meteorologi och atmosfärforskning

Marin teknik


Grundläggande vetenskaper



Mer information

Senast uppdaterat