Life Cycle Assessment of Large-Scale Lithium-Ion Battery Production and Recycling
Research Project , 2020 – 2023

Life cycle assessments (LCA) have highlighted lithium-ion battery (LIB) production as a substantial source of CO₂ emissions from electric vehicles. However, there is large variation in results between studies, and an important explanation is that factory data from industrial scale LIB production is difficult to acquire. The benefits and burdens of LIB waste handling and material recovery also vary. A lack of methodological rigor in the end-of-life modeling has led to both under- and overestimations of recycling benefits. Currently, two data sources dominate in LCA studies of LIBs, the “GREET model” and the Ecoinvent database, which both have weaknesses. In addition, there are knowledge gaps regarding the effects of rapid development in all LIB life cycle stages. As a result, there is a need for in-depth investigations of large-scale battery production and methodologically consistent LCA studies based on new primary data to evaluate the environmental burden of LIBs.


This PhD student project is a continuation of a previous SEC project. It is divided into three work packages:
(1) mapping and analysis of LIB production
(2) LIB waste handling and material recovery
(3) a synthesis

The industrial participants represent the core of the target audience. The total project budget is 6.59 MSEK whereof 54% represents in-kind activities.

Participants

Anders Nordelöf (contact)

Chalmers, Technology Management and Economics, Environmental Systems Analysis

Rickard Arvidsson

Chalmers, Technology Management and Economics, Environmental Systems Analysis

Mudit Chordia

Chalmers, Technology Management and Economics, Environmental Systems Analysis

Collaborations

China-Euro Vehicle Technology (CEVT) AB

Gothenburg, Sweden

Northvolt AB

Stockholm, Sweden

Scania CV AB

Södertälje, Sweden

Stena Recycling AB

Göteborg, Sweden

Swedish Electromobility Centre

Gothenburg, Sweden

Volvo Cars

Göteborg, Sweden

Volvo Group

Gothenburg, Sweden

Funding

Swedish Electromobility Centre

(Funding period missing)

Related Areas of Advance and Infrastructure

Sustainable development

Driving Forces

Transport

Areas of Advance

Energy

Areas of Advance

Publications

More information

Latest update

2021-12-08