Development of Implementable Omni-Directional Chest, Spine and Head Injury Criteria for Human Body Models

Moving towards autonomous driving there is a need for tools that can support the development of the autonomous vehicle braking and avoidance systems by comparing the outcome of crashes (when a crash is unavoidable) at various crash directions and severity levels. Crash test dummies are only biofidelic in specific impact directions such as pure frontal or pure lateral impacts. Therefore there is a need for a tool that can predict injuries in all loading directions (frontal to side) at various severities. Human Body Models (HBM) have the potential to predict injuries to vehicle occupants in all crashes that occur in the real world. 

The current project is addressing important injuries to three body parts of vehicle occupants in crashes, both when considering serious injuries as well as injuries leading to long term disability. These are thorax injuries (rib fractures), thoraco-lumbar spine injuries and head injuries. A biofidelic human body model capable of predicting these injuries will be used by the industrial partners Volvo Cars and Autoliv to develop pre-crash triggered restraint system and also for the development of the autonomous braking and avoidance systems as such.

The partner responsible for the application is Autoliv. Partners are Volvo Cars, Chalmers University, Umeå University and Gothenburg University (Sahlgren Hospital).

 

Participants

Johan Davidsson (contact)

Docent at Applied Mechanics, Vehicle Safety, Person Injury Prevention

Karin Brolin

Biträdande professor at Applied Mechanics, Vehicle Safety, Person Injury Prevention

Johan Iraeus

Doktor at Applied Mechanics, Vehicle Safety, Person Injury Prevention

Mats Svensson

Professor at Applied Mechanics, Vehicle Safety, Person Injury Prevention

Collaborations

Autoliv Development

Vårgårda, Sweden

Umeå University

Umeå, Sweden

University of Gothenburg

Gothenburg, Sweden

Volvo Car Uddevalla AB

Göteborg, Sweden

Funding

VINNOVA

Funding years 2016–2018

Related Areas of Advance and Infrastructure

Transport

Area of Advance

Life Science Engineering

Area of Advance

Sustainable Development

Chalmers Driving Force

Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Chalmers Driving Force

C3SE/SNIC (Chalmers Centre for Computational Science and Engineering)

Chalmers Research Infrastructure

More information

Latest update

2017-03-06