The critical role of informed political direction for advancing technology: The case of Swedish marine energy
Journal article, 2017

Marine energy technologies can contribute to meeting sustainability challenges, but they are still immature and dependent on public support. This paper employs the Technological Innovation Systems (TIS) framework to analyze the development and diffusion of Swedish marine energy up until 2014. While there were promising device developers, relevant industrial capabilities, and world-class research, the system suffered from weaknesses in several important innovation processes. Finally, the analysis identifies the lack of informed political direction as a critical blocking factor and highlights its connection to domestic market potential.

Ocean energy

Wave power

Marine energy

Innovation policy

Technological innovation systems

Tidal power


Johnn Andersson

Chalmers, Energy and Environment, Environmental Systems Analysis

Eugenia Perez Vico

Lund University

Halmstad University

Linus Hammar

The Swedish Agency for Marine and Water Management

Björn Sandén

Chalmers, Energy and Environment, Environmental Systems Analysis

Energy Policy

0301-4215 (ISSN)

Vol. 101 52-64

Subject Categories

Earth and Related Environmental Sciences



More information

Latest update

9/6/2018 1