Comparison of the metabolic response to over-production of p-coumaric acid in two yeast strains
Journal article, 2017

The development of robust and efficient cell factories requires understanding of the metabolic changes triggered by the production of the targeted compound. Here we aimed to study how production of p-coumaric acid, a precursor of multiple secondary aromatic metabolites, influences the cellular metabolism of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We evaluated the growth and p-coumaric acid production in batch and chemostat cultivations and analyzed the transcriptome and intracellular metabolome during steady state in low-and high-producers of p-coumaric acid in two strain backgrounds, S288c or CEN.PK. We found that the same genetic modifications resulted in higher production of p-coumaric acid in the CEN.PK background than in the S288c background. Moreover, the CEN.PK strain was less affected by the genetic engineering as was evident from fewer changes in the transcription profile and intracellular metabolites concentrations. Surprisingly, for both strains we found the largest transcriptional changes in genes involved in transport of amino acids and sugars, which were downregulated. Additionally, in S288c amino acid and protein biosynthesis processes were also affected. We systematically overexpressed or deleted genes with significant transcriptional changes in CEN.PK low and high-producing strains. The knockout of some of the downregulated transporters triggered a 20-50% improvement in the synthesis of p-CA in the CEN.PK high-producing strain. This study demonstrates the importance of transporters in the engineering of cell factories for production of small molecules.

Transporters

p-Coumaric acid

engineered saccharomyces-cerevisiae

escherichia-coli

Metabolome data

p569

1994

tolerance

eels el

Transcriptome

Saccharomyces cerevisiae

microbiology-uk

v140

integration

gene-set analysis

Biotechnology & Applied Microbiology

oxidative stress

expression

osmoregulation

ethanol

network topology

Author

A. Rodriguez

Delft University of Technology

Technical University of Denmark (DTU)

Yun Chen

Chalmers, Biology and Biological Engineering, Systems and Synthetic Biology

Sakda Khoomrung

Chalmers, Biology and Biological Engineering, Systems and Synthetic Biology

E. Ozdemir

Technical University of Denmark (DTU)

I. Borodina

Technical University of Denmark (DTU)

Jens B Nielsen

Chalmers, Biology and Biological Engineering, Systems and Synthetic Biology

Metabolic Engineering

1096-7176 (ISSN) 1096-7184 (eISSN)

Vol. 44 265-272

Areas of Advance

Building Futures (2010-2018)

Life Science Engineering (2010-2018)

Subject Categories

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Biological Sciences

DOI

10.1016/j.ymben.2017.10.013

More information

Latest update

5/14/2018