Optically controlled stochastic jumps of individual gold nanorod rotary motors
Journal article, 2018

Brownian microparticles diffusing in optical potential-energy landscapes constitute a generic test bed for nonequilibrium statistical thermodynamics and have been used to emulate a wide variety of physical systems, ranging from Josephson junctions to Carnot engines. Here we demonstrate that it is possible to scale down this approach to nanometric length scales by constructing a tilted washboard potential for the rotation of plasmonic gold nanorods. The potential depth and tilt can be precisely adjusted by modulating the light polarization. This allo`ws for a gradual transition from continuous rotation to discrete stochastic jumps, which are found to follow Kramers dynamics in excellent agreement with stochastic simulations. The results widen the possibilities for fundamental experiments in statistical physics and provide insights into how to construct light-driven nanomachines and multifunctional sensing elements.


Lei Shao

Chalmers, Physics, Bionanophotonics

Daniel Andrén

Chalmers, Physics, Bionanophotonics

Steven Jones

Chalmers, Physics, Bionanophotonics

Peter Johansson

Chalmers, Physics, Bionanophotonics

Mikael Käll

Chalmers, Physics, Bionanophotonics

Physical Review B

2469-9950 (ISSN) 2469-9969 (eISSN)

Vol. 98 8 085404

Subject Categories

Computational Mathematics

Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics

Other Physics Topics



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