Effect of Running-In (Load and Speed) on Surface Characteristics of Honed Gears
Journal article, 2019
The initial running-in cycles alter the surface integrity characteristics and influence gear performance. This article shows how the surface characteristics of honed spur gears evolved due to the combined effect of running-in load (0.9 or 1.7 GPa) and speed (0.5 or 8.3 m/s) in Forschungsstelle fur Zahnräder und Getriebebau tests. Running-in affected the surface layers to a depth of 5 µm. High running-in load promoted plastic deformation of asperities, created microstructural changes associated with surface cracks, and relaxed residual stresses. It also enhanced the amount of phosphorous from extreme pressure (EP) additives at the surface. The surface contact fatigue failure—that is, micropitting—was promoted by running-in speed rather than load.
honed spur gears
surface integrity characteristics