Framework for the environmental impact assessment of operational shipping
Journal article, 2022

Shipping is an important source of pollution affecting both atmospheric and aquatic environments. To allow for efficient mitigation of environmental degradation, it is essential to know the extent of the impacts of shipping in relation to other sources of pollution. Here, we give a perspective on a holistic approach to studies of the environmental impacts of operational shipping through presentation of an assessment framework developed and applied on a case of shipping in the Baltic Sea. Through transfer of knowledge and concepts, previously used in assessments of air pollution, now applied to assessments of marine pollution and underwater noise, the horizon of understanding of shipping-related impacts is significantly improved. It identifies the main areas of environmental degradation caused by shipping and potential improvements through legislation and technological development. However, as the vast majority of contaminants discharged into the sea are not routinely monitored and assessed, the links between pressure of contaminants from shipping and environmental state and impacts will not be caught in the current environmental regulatory frameworks.

Marine pollution

Underwater noise


DPSIR assessment framework

Air pollution


Jana Moldanova

IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute

Ida-Maja Hassellöv

Chalmers, Mechanics and Maritime Sciences (M2), Maritime Studies

Volker Matthias


Erik Fridell

IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute

J. P. Jalkanen

Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI)

Erik Ytreberg

Chalmers, Mechanics and Maritime Sciences (M2), Maritime Studies

Markus Quante


Jenny Tröltzsch

Ecologic Institute

Ilja Maljutenko

Tallinn University of Technology (TalTech)

Urmas Raudsepp

Tallinn University of Technology (TalTech)

Martin Eriksson

Chalmers, Gothenburg Centre for Sustainable Development

Chalmers, Mechanics and Maritime Sciences (M2)


0044-7447 (ISSN) 16547209 (eISSN)

Vol. 51 3 754-769

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Areas of Advance


Subject Categories

Environmental Management

Environmental Analysis and Construction Information Technology

Environmental Sciences





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4/5/2022 5