Approx-RM: Reducing Energy on Heterogeneous Multicore processors under Accuracy and Timing Constraints
Journal article, 2023

Reducing energy consumption while providing performance and quality guarantees is crucial for computing systems ranging from battery-powered embedded systems to data centers. This paper considers approximate iterative applications executing on heterogeneous multi-core platforms under user-specified performance and quality targets. We note that allowing a slight yet bounded relaxation in solution quality can considerably reduce the required iteration count and thereby can save significant amounts of energy. To this end, this paper proposes Approx-RM, a resource management scheme that reduces energy expenditure while guaranteeing a specified performance as well as accuracy target. Approx-RMpredicts the number of iterations required to meet the relaxed accuracy target at run-time. The time saved generates execution-time slack, which allows Approx-RM to allocate fewer resources on a heterogeneous multi-core platform in terms of DVFS, core type, and core count to save energy while meeting the performance target. Approx-RMcontributes with lightweight methods for predicting the iteration count needed to meet the accuracy target and the resources needed to meet the performance target. Approx-RM uses the aforementioned predictions to allocate just enoughresources to comply with quality of service constraints to save energy. Our evaluation shows energy savings of 31.6%, on average, compared to Race-to-idle when the accuracy is only relaxed by 1%. Approx-RM incurs timing and energy overheads of less than 0.1%.

quality of service

Energy efficiency

approximate iterative applications


heterogeneous multicore processors

resource management


Muhammad Waqar Azhar

Chalmers, Computer Science and Engineering (Chalmers), Computer Engineering (Chalmers)

Madhavan Manivannan

Chalmers, Computer Science and Engineering (Chalmers), Computer Engineering (Chalmers)

Per Stenström

Chalmers, Computer Science and Engineering (Chalmers), Computer and Network Systems

Transactions on Architecture and Code Optimization

1544-3566 (ISSN) 1544-3973 (eISSN)

Vol. 20 3 44

Principer för beräknande minnesenheter (PRIDE)

Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research (SSF) (DnrCHI19-0048), 2021-01-01 -- 2025-12-31.


European Commission (EC) (101051997), 2022-01-01 -- 2025-12-31.

PRIME: Principled Designs of Processing-in-Memory Parallel Systems

Swedish Research Council (VR) (2019-04929), 2019-12-01 -- 2023-11-30.

Subject Categories

Computer Engineering



More information

Latest update

9/7/2023 9