Railway wheel tread damage and axle bending stress – Instrumented wheelset measurements and numerical simulations
Journal article, 2022

A combination of instrumented wheelset measurements and numerical simulations of axle bending stresses is used to investigate the consequences of evolving rolling contact fatigue (RCF) damage on a passenger train wheelset. In a field test campaign, stresses have been monitored using a wheelset with four strain gauges mounted on the axle, while the evolution of wheel tread damage (out-of-roundness) has been measured on regular occasions. The strain signals are post-processed in real time and stress variations are computed. Based on a convolution integral approach, the measured wheel out-of-roundness has been used as input to numerical simulations of vertical dynamic wheelset–track interaction and axle stresses. Simulated and measured axle stresses are compared for cases involving combinations of low or high levels of rail roughness and the measured levels of RCF damage. The study enhances the understanding of how wheel tread damage and track quality influence axle stress amplitudes.

dynamic vehicle–track interaction

instrumented wheelset

impact loads

axle bending stress

wheelset and track dynamics

wheel tread damage


Michele Maglio

Chalmers, Mechanics and Maritime Sciences (M2), Dynamics

Tore V Vernersson

Chalmers, Mechanics and Maritime Sciences (M2), Dynamics

Jens Nielsen

Chalmers, Mechanics and Maritime Sciences (M2), Dynamics

Astrid Pieringer

Chalmers, Architecture and Civil Engineering, Applied Acoustics

Pär Söderström


Daniele Regazzi

Lucchini RS

Steven Cervello

Lucchini RS

International Journal of Rail Transportation

2324-8378 (ISSN) 2324-8386 (eISSN)

Vol. 10 3 275-297

Research into enhanced track and switch and crossing system 2 (In2Track-2)

European Commission (EC) (EC/H2020/826255), 2018-11-01 -- 2021-10-31.

Swedish Transport Administration, 2018-11-01 -- 2021-10-31.

Areas of Advance


Subject Categories

Applied Mechanics

Reliability and Maintenance

Vehicle Engineering



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7/4/2022 1