Mathematical Occupant Models in Side Impacts - A Validation Study with Particular Emphasis on the Torso and Shoulder and their Influence on Head and Neck Motion
Paper i proceeding, 2008
The ability of three mathematical human body models to predict previously published human
responses in two different side impact loading configurations was evaluated using an
objective rating method. In particular the kinematics of the shoulder, T1 and head were
evaluated. The human body models evaluated were THUMS, HUMOS 2 and the GM model.
The impact loading configurations used were pendulum impact tests and sled tests.
In the pendulum configurations, the closest correlation to the published responses was shown
by THUMS followed by the GM model. In the sled configuration, closest correlation to the
published responses was shown by HUMOS 2 followed by THUMS.
According to the objective rating method the published responses in the pendulum
configuration were predicted by all human body models. The published responses in the sled
configuration were predicted by HUMOS 2 and THUMS.
Human Body Models