Low-CO2 Electricity and Hydrogen: A Help or Hindrance for Electric and Hydrogen Vehicles?
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2010

The title question was addressed using an energy model that accounts for projected global energy use in all sectors(transportation, heat, and power) of the global economy. Global CO2 emissions were constrained to achieve stabilization at 400-550 ppm by 2100 at the lowest total system cost(equivalent to perfect CO2 cap-and-trade regime). For future scenarios where vehicle technology costs were sufficiently competitive to advantage either hydrogen or electric vehicles, increased availability of low-cost, low-CO2 electricity/hydrogen delayed (but did not prevent) the use of electric/hydrogen-powered vehicles in the model. This occurs when low-CO2 electricity/hydrogen providesmorecost-effective CO2 mitigation opportunities in the heat and power energy sectors than in transportation. Connections between the sectors leading to this counterintuitive result need consideration in policy and technology planning.

battery cost

light-duty vehicles

CSP

carbon dioxide reduction

Global energy systems

hydrogen

fuel cell cost

CCS

long-term scenarios

electricity

Författare

Timothy J Wallington

Ford Motor Company

Maria Grahn

Chalmers, Energi och miljö, Fysisk resursteori

James E Anderson

Ford Motor Company

Sherry A Mueller

Ford Motor Company

Mats Williander

Chalmers, Teknikens ekonomi och organisation, Entrepreneurship and Strategy

Kristian Lindgren

Chalmers, Energi och miljö, Fysisk resursteori

Environmental Science & Technology

0013-936X (ISSN) 1520-5851 (eISSN)

Vol. 44 10 2702-08

Drivkrafter

Hållbar utveckling

Styrkeområden

Transport

Energi

Ämneskategorier

Beräkningsmatematik

Annan naturresursteknik

Övrig annan samhällsvetenskap

DOI

10.1021/es902329h