A modelling strategy for energy, carbon, and cost assessments of building stocks.
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2013

This paper presents the Energy, Carbon and Cost Assessment for Building Stocks (ECCABS) model, which is a bottom-up model to assess energy-saving measures (ESM) and carbon dioxide (CO2) mitigation strategies in building stocks. The model is based on a one-zone hourly heat balance that calculates the net energy demand for a number of buildings representative of the building stock and an additional code for the input and output data. The model generates results in terms of delivered energy, associated CO2 emissions, and the costs of implementing different ESM. The results are extended to the entire building stock by means of weighting factors. Empirical and comparative validations of the heat-balance modelling of single buildings are presented. The building stock modelling is validated against the current Swedish residential stock, for which the results of the modelling are in agreement with the statistical data. Using the model to assess a number of ESM reveals that the energy usage of the Swedish residential sector can be reduced by 55% and the associated CO2 emissions can be reduced by 63%, with most of the ESM being cost–effective. The applicability of the model to countries other than Sweden is under investigation.


CO2 emission

Energy efficiency

energy saving measures


building stock


Erika Mata Las Heras

Chalmers, Energi och miljö, Energiteknik

Angela Sasic Kalagasidis

Chalmers, Bygg- och miljöteknik, Byggnadsteknologi

Filip Johnsson

Chalmers, Energi och miljö, Energiteknik

Energy and Buildings

0378-7788 (ISSN)

Vol. 56 100-108


Hållbar utveckling


Building Futures (2010-2018)



Annan naturresursteknik





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