In vivo biomechanical stability of osseointegrating mesoporous TiO2 implants
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2012

Mesoporous materials are of high interest as implant coatings to receive an enhanced osseointegration. In this study, titanium implants coated with mesoporous TiO(2) thin films have been evaluated both in vitro and in vivo. Material characterization showed that, with partly crystalline TiO(2) (anatase), long-range-ordered hydrophilic mesoporous thin films with a pore size of 6nm were obtained. Evaluation of the mechanical resistance showed that the films were robust enough to withstand the standard implantation procedure. In vitro apatite formation was studied using simulated body fluids, showing that the pores are accessible for ions and that formation of apatite was increased due to the presence of the mesopores. An in vivo study using a rabbit model was executed in which the removal torque and histomorphometry were evaluated. The results show that the biomechanical stability of the TiO(2) coating was unaffected by the presence of mesopores and that osseointegration was achieved without any signs of inflammation.

Mesoporous TiO2

Biomechanical stability

Implant

Osseointegration

Nanotopography

Författare

Johan Karlsson

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Teknisk ytkemi

Ryo Jimbo

Malmö universitet

Hoda Mashadi Fathali

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Analytisk kemi

Humberto Osvaldo Schwartz-Filho

Malmö universitet

Mariko Hayashi

Malmö universitet

Mats Halvarsson

Chalmers, Teknisk fysik, Materialens mikrostruktur

Ann Wennerberg

Malmö universitet

Martin Andersson

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Teknisk ytkemi

Acta Biomaterialia

1742-7061 (ISSN)

Vol. 8 12 4438-4446

Ämneskategorier

Odontologi

DOI

10.1016/j.actbio.2012.07.035

PubMed

22842030