Oxidation of Co- and Ce-nanocoated FeCr steels: A microstructural investigation
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2013

The effect of novel Co and Ce nanocoatings on oxidation behaviour and chromium volatilization from a commercial Fe-22Cr steel (Sanergy HT) developed for solid oxide fuel cell interconnect applications is investigated. Three different coatings (10 nm Ce, 640 nm Co and 10 nm Ce + 640 nm Co) are studied. Uncoated and nanocoated samples are exposed isothermally at 850 C in the air with 3% H2O for 168 h. The detailed microstructure of the different coatings is investigated. The surface morphology and microstructure of the oxide scales are characterized by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) and energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX). Cross-section TEM thin foils are prepared by using a combined FIB/SEM (focused ion beam/scanning electron microscope) instrument. A 640 nm cobalt coating strongly inhibits Cr volatilization but has only minor effects on oxidation rate. In contrast, a 10 nm Ce coating decreases the oxidation rate but has no significant effects on chromium volatilization. Combining the two coatings, i.e., applying a 640 nm Co coating on top of the 10 nm Ce, effectively reduces Cr evaporation and slows down the rate of alloy oxidation.

Cr volatilization


mn-o system



sofc interconnect

high-temperature oxidation

Solid oxide fuel cell


oxide fuel-cells


spinel coatings



ferritic stainless-steels


Transmission electron microscopy


Sead Canovic

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Oorganisk miljökemi

Jan Froitzheim

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Oorganisk miljökemi

Rakshith Nugehalli Sachitanand

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Oorganisk miljökemi

Maria Nikumaa

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Oorganisk miljökemi

Mats Halvarsson

Chalmers, Teknisk fysik, Materialens mikrostruktur

Lars-Gunnar Johansson

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Oorganisk miljökemi

Jan-Erik Svensson

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Oorganisk miljökemi

Surface and Coatings Technology

0257-8972 (ISSN)

Vol. 215 62-74





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