Microstructural Investigation of the HCl-Induced Corrosion of the Austenitic Alloy 310S (52Fe26Cr19Ni) at 500 °C
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2014

This paper investigates the influence of 500 ppm HCl in a 5 %O2-95 %N2 atmosphere on the oxidation of the austenitic stainless steel AISI 310S at 500 °C. Laboratory exposures were made for one, 24, 72 and 168 h and the samples were analysed with XRD, SEM/EDX, FIB and TEM/EDX. When exposed in oxygen a thin and protective chromium-rich oxide scale forms. Addition of HCl causes significantly accelerated corrosion. Within the first hour of exposure, accumulations of FeCl2, CrCl2 and NiCl2 forms below the chromium-rich oxide, especially at steel grain boundaries. The chlorine-induced corrosion is suggested to occur through an electrochemical reaction, in which the dissociation of HCl to form chloride ions at the scale surface is coupled to the oxidation of the metal surface beneath the scale by an outwards electronic current and inwards diffusion of chloride ions along oxide grain boundaries


High temperature corrosion

Stainless steel

Hydrogen chloride



Torbjörn Jonsson

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Oorganisk miljökemi

Nicklas Folkeson

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Oorganisk miljökemi

Mats Halvarsson

Chalmers, Teknisk fysik, Materialens mikrostruktur

Jan-Erik Svensson

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Oorganisk miljökemi

Lars-Gunnar Johansson

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Oorganisk miljökemi

Oxidation of Metals

0030-770X (ISSN) 1573-4889 (eISSN)

Vol. 81 575-596


Oorganisk kemi


Metallurgi och metalliska material


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