The Effect of H-2 and H2O on the Oxidation of 304L-Stainless Steel at 600 A degrees C: General Behaviour (Part I)
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2016

The effect of p(H2O) and p(H-2) on the oxidation of 304L stainless steel at 600 A degrees C has been investigated in the present study. The samples were analysed by means of X-ray diffraction, Auger spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy equipped with energy dispersive spectroscopy. The results showed that at fixed p(H-2), the corrosion rate increased considerably with increasing p(H2O). At fixed p(H2O), the corrosion rate decreased slightly with increasing p(H-2). Duplex oxide scales formed during the exposure in all environments. The outer and inner layer consisted of Fe3O4 and (Fe, Cr)(3)O-4, respectively. The latter was mainly in the form of internal oxidation. The Cr-rich oxide formation was observed at the initial oxidation process before oxide breakdown. The Auger analysis also suggested the presence of Cr-rich oxide layer just after the breakaway oxidation. The results indicated that the rate-determining step in the corrosion attack is surface controlled or diffusion controlled through an oxide layer with fixed thickness over time.


Low oxygen activity environment



High temperature corrosion

steam oxidation

breakaway oxidation


Stainless steels

high-temperature oxidation


austenitic stainless-steel

9-percent-cr steels


Water vapor


Hamed Hoseini Hooshyar

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Energi och material

Torbjörn Jonsson

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Energi och material

J. Hall

Högskolan i Dalarna

Jan-Erik Svensson

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Energi och material

Lars-Gunnar Johansson

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Energi och material

Jesper Liske

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Energi och material

Oxidation of Metals

0030-770X (ISSN) 1573-4889 (eISSN)

Vol. 85 3-4 321-342





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