The Effect of H-2 and H2O on the Oxidation of 304L-Stainless Steel at 600 A degrees C: General Behaviour (Part I)
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2016
The effect of p(H2O) and p(H-2) on the oxidation of 304L stainless steel at 600 A degrees C has been investigated in the present study. The samples were analysed by means of X-ray diffraction, Auger spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy equipped with energy dispersive spectroscopy. The results showed that at fixed p(H-2), the corrosion rate increased considerably with increasing p(H2O). At fixed p(H2O), the corrosion rate decreased slightly with increasing p(H-2). Duplex oxide scales formed during the exposure in all environments. The outer and inner layer consisted of Fe3O4 and (Fe, Cr)(3)O-4, respectively. The latter was mainly in the form of internal oxidation. The Cr-rich oxide formation was observed at the initial oxidation process before oxide breakdown. The Auger analysis also suggested the presence of Cr-rich oxide layer just after the breakaway oxidation. The results indicated that the rate-determining step in the corrosion attack is surface controlled or diffusion controlled through an oxide layer with fixed thickness over time.
High temperature corrosion
Low oxygen activity environment