The Governance of Multi-Use Platforms at Sea for Energy Production and Aquaculture: Challenges for Policy Makers in European Seas
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2016

European seas are encountering an upsurge in competing marine activities and infrastructures. Traditional exploitation such as fisheries, tourism, transportation, and oil production are accompanied by new sustainable economic activities such as offshore windfarms, aquaculture, and tidal and wave energy. One proposed solution to overcome possible competing claims at sea lies in combining these economic activities as part of Multi-Use Platforms at Sea (MUPS). MUPS can be understood as areas at sea, designated for a combination of activities, either completely integrated in a platform or in shared marine space. MUPS can potentially benefit from each other in terms of infrastructure, maintenance, etc. Developing MUPS in the marine environment demands adequate governance. In this article, we investigate four European sites to find out how governance arrangements may facilitate or complicate MUPs. In particular, we apply a framework specifying policy, economic, social, technical, environmental, and legal (PESTEL) factors to explore governance arrangements in four case study sites in different sea basins around Europe ( the Mediterranean Sea, the Atlantic Ocean, the North Sea, and the Baltic Sea). The article concludes with policy recommendations on a governance regime for facilitating the development of MUPS in the future.

aquaculture

fish

PESTEL

energy production

marine governance

multi-use platforms

offshore

governance

Författare

M. Stuiver

Wageningen University and Research Centre

K. Soma

LEI Wageningen UR

P. Koundouri

International Centre for Research on the Environment and the Economy

Athens University of Economics and Business

London School of Economics and Political Science

S. van den Burg

LEI Wageningen UR

A. Gerritsen

Wageningen University and Research Centre

T. Harkamp

Musholm A/S ReersøHavn

N. Dalsgaard

Musholm A/S ReersøHavn

F. Zagonari

Universita di Bologna

R. Guanche

Universidad de Cantabria

J. J. Schouten

Deltares

S. Hommes

Deltares

A. Giannouli

International Centre for Research on the Environment and the Economy

Athens University of Economics and Business

T. Soderqvist

Enveco Environmental Economics Consultancy Ltd.

Lars Rosen

Chalmers, Bygg- och miljöteknik, Geologi och geoteknik

Rita Coelho Steiger Garção

Chalmers, Bygg- och miljöteknik, Geologi och geoteknik

Jenny Norrman

Chalmers, Bygg- och miljöteknik, Geologi och geoteknik

C. Rockmann

Wageningen University and Research Centre

M. de Bel

Deltares

B. Zanuttigh

Universita di Bologna

O. Petersen

DHI Water - Environment - Health

F. Mohlenberg

DHI Water - Environment - Health

Sustainability

2071-1050 (ISSN)

Vol. 8 333

Drivkrafter

Hållbar utveckling

Ämneskategorier

Miljöledning

Övrig annan samhällsvetenskap

DOI

10.3390/su8040333